ShuffieldLowman Names Jason A. Davis and Stephanie L. Cook Firm Partners

Orlando, Florida – ShuffieldLowman firm recently named attorneys Jason A. Davis and Stephanie L. Cook as firm partners.

Currently the head of the firm’s Lake County office, Davis practices in the areas of estate planning, corporate formations, mergers and acquisitions, securities and business succession planning. A Lake County native with deep roots in the community, Davis serves as a member of the Cornerstone Hospice Foundation Board, on the Lake & Sumter County Habitat for Humanity Board and he is the current President of the Lake & Sumter County Habitat for Humanity Foundation. He is a graduate of Rollins College, with a B.A. in Economics; Stetson University with an M.B.A. and University of Florida College of Law with a J.D.

Cook is a litigation attorney and practices primarily in the areas of commercial litigation, probate litigation, trust litigation and guardianship litigation. Cook grew up in Winter Park and has deep roots in the central Florida community. Cook graduated from Mississippi College with a B.A. in Public Relations and Barry University School of Law, summa cum laude and valedictorian, with her J.D.

ShuffieldLowman’s four downtown offices are located in Orlando, Tavares, DeLand and Daytona Beach. The firm is a 34 attorney, full service, business law firm, practicing in the areas of corporate law, estate planning, real estate and litigation. Specific areas include, tax law, securities, mergers and acquisitions, intellectual property, trademarks and copyrights; estate planning and probate, planning for families with closely held businesses, guardianship and elder law, tax controversy – Federal and State; non-profit organization law; banking and finance, land use and government law; commercial and civil litigation, fiduciary litigation, construction law, bankruptcy and creditors’ rights; labor and employment, and environmental law, and mediation.

Annual Ethics Training Requirement Expanded To Now Include Municipal Officers

Annual Ethics Training Requirement Expanded To Now Include Municipal Officers

Over the past couple of years, Florida’s Code of Ethics, found at Part III, Chapter 112, Florida Statutes, has been the rare subject of legislative amendments. A recent major addition to the Code of Ethics is the requirement that all constitutional officers complete four hours of ethics, public records, and Sunshine law training each calendar year. At the time of the initial passage of this training requirement, the following individuals were included: the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney General, the Chief Financial Officer, the Commissioner of Agriculture, state attorneys, public defenders, sheriffs, tax collectors, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, clerks of the circuit court, county commissioners, district school board members, and superintendents of schools.

Municipal officers were not included in the 2013 training requirement; however, the law was amended again in 2014 to expand the training requirement to include municipal officers. Therefore, effective January 1, 2015, all elected municipal officers must also complete four hours of ethics, public records, and Sunshine law training on an annual basis. Additionally, beginning on January 1, 2015, all officers will be required to certify that the officer completed the training at the time the officer files his/her annual financial disclosure form.

There are many opportunities for municipal and county officers to compete this training requirement. In addition to live training opportunities occurring throughout the year, there are a number of free or inexpensive resources available including:

– Free video tutorials and audio presentations available at the Florida Commission on Ethics website. All have been prepared by the Commission on Ethics staff. These trainings are free and can be easily accessed at any time from one’s computer by going to (use the left drop down menu); and

– The Institute of Government offers online ethics and Sunshine law training for a nominal fee at

The Florida Commission on Ethics will continue to post training opportunities as they become available. Please check their website frequently for updates at

Anticipate Stronger IRS Trust Fund Penalty Activity

Anticipate Stronger IRS Trust Fund Penalty Activity

Recently, in report number 2014-30-034, the office of TIGTA reported on an audit that it conducted in which it determined that the IRS was not acting timely on trust fund recovery penalty actions. In particular, TIGTA found untimely actions relating to trust fund recovery procedures including expired assessment statutes, unsupported collection determinations, and incomplete trust fund recovery penalty investigations associated with currently non-collectable cases. According to this study, the actions were either untimely or inadequate in 99 out of 265 cases that were viewed in a statistical sampling. For fifty-nine of these 99 cases, untimely actions were more than 500 days to review and process the trust fund penalty assessment. The report went on that when these assessments are not timely made, the taxpayer’s ability to pay declines, thereby decreasing the probability of collecting the trust fund taxes. In addition, the report states that the government’s interests is not protected if these assessments are overlooked or not timely made. As a result, TIGTA recommended that the IRS emphasize to group managers their responsibilities to better monitor these cases and to insure that revenue officers take timely actions, enhancing communication, and training, and insuring timely completion and adequacy of the systems to take appropriate actions, and to revise the guidance regarding the accuracy of collection determination. In response to the report, IRS officials agreed with all of these recommendations and plan to take compliant action. Therefore, you can anticipate more frequent and more difficult interactions with revenue officers who are now under the gun to see to it that trust fund penalty determinations are finished sooner and are more detailed and accurate.

Time is Running Out on Offshore Accounts Consider an Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Now

Time is Running Out on Offshore Accounts Consider an Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Now

According to the principal deputy attorney general for policy and planning at the Department of Justice (DOJ) Tax Division, Caroline D. Ciraolo, the DOJ is preparing for an intense crackdown on offshore tax evaders and people hiding assets overseas. Stating that taxpayers should come forward as soon as possible, Ms. Ciraolo said that “Time is of the essence” and “come in now, or face the consequences”.

Ms. Ciraola, a featured speaker at the Federal Bar Association Tax Advice & Controversy Conference, stated that the government’s investigations has extended far beyond Switzerland to several other countries including Barbados, Israel, India, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg and others. She stated that just because there may not yet be any public disclosures should not be interpreted as inaction on the part of the Government. She continued that information is being received and analyzed from a large number of sources. This includes information being turned over by several Swiss banks to avoid prosecution for their roles in the offshore activities. This, in turn, is being used to start new investigations and to target new taxpayer “misconduct”. They are “looking at everything they receive”.

Our experience in preparing offshore voluntary disclosures has shown us that the required forms contain questions about who assisted in setting up accounts both here in the United States and abroad, the advice given, the dates and places of meetings, any “facilitators” and so forth. This also is being reviewed by the IRS for “leads” as to other banks and persons of interest.

To avoid possible criminal penalties and civil fraud penalties, taxpayers should consider participating in one of the different offshore voluntary disclosure programs and to do so sooner than later. As more time passes, the penalties are becoming stiffer. Last July, the IRS announced that anyone with an account at or with so-called “listed” banks or persons, such as UBS (the list can be viewed at the IRS website), would now have to pay a 50% offshore penalty instead of the usual 27 ½% penalty. To make things worse, this 50% penalty would apply to all of the taxpayer’s offshore accounts even if the others were at non-listed banks. Prior to the 27 1/2 %, the penalty was 25%. So as time passes, the sanctions are getting potentially worse.